Diabetes mellitus

General Dietary Recommendations for Diabetes

O Διαβήτης είναι μία πάθηση κατά την οποία η ποσότητα της γλυκόζης που υπάρχει στο αίμα είναι πολύ υψηλή διότι το σώμα δεν μπορεί να τη ρυθμίσει στα φυσιολογικά της επίπεδα.
Το σάκχαρο στο αίμα ρυθμίζεται από την ινσουλίνη, μία ορμόνη που παράγεται από το πάγκρεας. Η ινσουλίνη βοηθάει τα επίπεδα γλυκόζης στο αίμα μας να παραμείνουν σε σταθερά επίπεδα, εφόσον της επιτρέπει να εισέλθει μέσα στα κύτταρα και να χρησιμοποιηθεί από αυτά ως ενέργεια. Στα άτομα που έχουν διαγνωσθεί με διαβήτη, παράγεται είτε ελλιπής ποσότητα ινσουλίνης, είτε δε δουλεύει σωστά.

Διαβήτης τύπου 1- ινσουλινοεξαρτώμενος

  • In type I Diabetes human body does not produce sufficient amount of insulin.
  • In this case, this insulin needs to commonly be substituted with insulin injection.

In type II Diabetes

  • Type 2 Diabetes I start the pancreas no one produces insulin and / or the insulin we quote I do not need properly (insulin resistance). Automatically as careful regulars of sugar to rise. People with type 2 diabetes use 85-90% in current conservation.
  • The following guidelines are some of the general principles that will help you regulate your diabetes so that it benefits your overall health.
  • Find out about carbohydrate foods and portions of food.
  • In case of obesity or overweight - adjust your weight. Weight loss is not an easy task, but studies show that even a 5-10% reduction in initial weight can bring significant health benefits and better glycemic control.
  • Make small and frequent meals every 3-4 hours.
  • Do not skip breakfast.
  • Choose low glycemic foods to accompany your every meal, such as whole grain breads and cereals, oats, brown rice and whole grain pasta as well as legumes, sweet potatoes, fruits.
  • Aim for at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day.
  • Avoid drinks and soft drinks and juices that are high in simple sugars.
  • Limit foods high in simple sugars (eg sweets, cookies, kiosk products).
  • Eat less salt and foods high in it, such as canned food.
  • 150 minutes / week of moderate intensity exercise is recommended.
  • The main goal for both types of diabetes is to achieve and maintain good blood sugar levels, as well as to achieve normal levels of both blood pressure and blood sugar, which will reduce the risk of complications that may arise from diabetes in the future. To regulate all these factors, it is recommended to pay attention to diet and exercise which is necessary for the proper treatment of diabetes.

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